It took me a while to learn how to use different ingredients to replace animal products in my baking. I wanted to outline everything so my readers would have an easy way to find this information before they start baking. Reference this post if you need help finding a suitable replacement for eggs, milk, sugar and oil.
I usually replace eggs with applesauce in all my recipes. Use 1/4 cup of applesauce for one egg. You can either buy organic applesauce or make applesauce yourself by peeling a few apples and putting them in your blender or food processor for a few minutes. You definitely want to peel the apples first and process them until there are no chunks. You can even add cinnamon if you want that flavor for your baked goods. If you use applesauce instead of eggs, increase your baking time slightly. Stick a fork or knife in your baked good to see if it's done.
Other pureed fruits such as bananas, prunes, peaches, etc. Use 1/4 cup to replace 1 egg. Use 1 banana to replace 1 egg.
You can also use 1/4 cup of silken tofu to replace 1 egg. Puree the silken tofu first. The tofu is best used in more dense recipes such as breads.
You can also use 1 teaspoon of baking soda plus 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to replace 1 egg. You can use this substitute to make your baked goods fluffy so use in cupcakes.
White Sugar AlternativesStay away from white sugar. It's highly processed and your blood sugar spikes and then crashes when you consume it. Try to substitute lower glycemic sweeteners for white sugar. I love maple sugar. I also love agave nectar. I've used brown rice syrup too.
3/4 cup of maple sugar replaces 1 cup of white sugar
2/3 cup of agave nectar replaces 1 cup of sugar but reduce the liquid in your recipe by 1/4 cup. So, if you use water or milk in the recipe, reduce by 1/4 cup.
1 1/4 cup of brown rice syrup for 1 cup of sugar and reduce liquids by 1/4 cup.
You can drizzle brown rice syrup or agave nectar on your pancakes if you run out of maple syrup. You can also sweeten iced tea with both. I add maple sugar to my hot chocolate and oatmeal.